As a part of the LIFE Vultures mission, specialists from throughout Europe gathered in Dadia Nationwide Park just lately to debate the poisoning of vultures by veterinary medicine resembling diclofenac. Their discussions will hopefully allow higher decision-making in vulture conservation efforts going forwards, and increase efforts to extend black and griffon vulture populations within the Balkans.
On the finish of February a global vulture conservation assembly was held in Dadia Nationwide Park in northern Greece. Specialists from Spain, France, Italy, Israel, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Greece got here collectively to debate the risk that veterinary medicine pose to the birds. The 2-day workshop, organised as a part of the LIFE Vultures project, was hosted by the Vulture Conservation Foundation (VCF), with help from WWF Greece and the administration staff of the park.
Poisonous merchandise and contaminants are one of many most important threats dealing with vultures and different scavenger species internationally. Whereas the VCF and companion organisations are engaged in varied tasks to fight the direct poisoning of vultures, different types of secondary poisoning additionally happen, notably by veterinary medicine used to deal with livestock and home animals.
Greater than 60 totally different individuals took half within the workshop, together with veterinarians, researchers and authorities representatives from Bulgaria and Greece, in addition to representatives of the Vulture Conservation Foundation (VCF), WWF Greece, the Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds (BSPB), Fund for Wild Flora and Fauna (FWFF), Green Balkans, and the Hellenic Ornithological Society (HOS).
Additionally attending had been nationwide authorities liable for each veterinary medicine and wildlife (together with vultures), together with the Greek Ministry of Rural Growth, varied regional forest and veterinary providers, and the regional administration our bodies of three nationwide parks.
“The workshop was actually helpful when it comes to discussions about pattern evaluation, and learn how to interpret the knowledge obtained,” says Dobromir Dobrev, a member of the Rewilding Rhodopes staff and the LIFE Vultures mission coordinator.
Two of the conclusions reached by workshop individuals had been the necessity for long-term pattern assortment, and the necessity to scale up the evaluation of lifeless vultures.
“The collected knowledge would enable us to observe the buildup of various pollution within the birds,” explains Dobrev. “This, in flip, would allow higher decision-making in future conservation efforts.”
One of many workshop highlights was a closing dialogue on learn how to enhance capability for the screening for poisoning within the black and griffon vulture populations of the Rhodope Mountains. Particular consideration was given to the influence of diclofenac, an anti-inflamatory drug sometimes given to livestock by Balkan-based veterinarians, together with a few of these attending the workshop.
Supported by Rewilding Europe, the VCF is working a marketing campaign to ban the use diclofenac in Europe (see video above).
Veterinary diclofenac is a drug used to deal with livestock like cows and pigs; when livestock carcasses are left in nature, vultures feed on them, ingest the diclofenac, and are poisoned and die. A dose of simply 0.1–0.2 mg/kg physique weight can induce fast, deadly kidney failure within the birds. Supported by Rewilding Europe, the VCF is working a marketing campaign to ban the use diclofenac in Europe.
Workshop individuals additionally in contrast the nationwide poison screening programmes of assorted nations, and had been knowledgeable in regards to the newest College of Barcelona analysis on the risk posed by veterinary merchandise and their potential toxicity to vultures in Spain.
Beginning in 2016, the five-year LIFE Vultures mission was developed by Rewilding Europe, in collaboration with the Rewilding Rhodopes Foundation, BSPB/BirdLife Bulgaria and a variety of different companions.
Specializing in the Rhodope Mountains rewilding space in Bulgaria, in addition to a piece of the Rhodope Mountains throughout the border in northern Greece, the goal of the mission is to help the restoration and additional enlargement of the black and griffon vulture populations on this a part of the Balkans, primarily by bettering pure prey availability, and by lowering mortality by components resembling poaching, poisoning and collisions with energy strains.